What is Gum Arabic ?
Gum Arabic is a dried exudate obtained from the stems and branches of Acacia Senegal (L.) Willdenow or Acacia Seyal (fam. Leguminosae). Gum Arabic consists mainly of high-molecular weight polysaccharides and their calcium, magnesium and potassium salts, which on hydrolysis yield arabinose, galactose, rhamnose and glucuronic acid. Items of commerce may contain extraneous materials such as sand and pieces of bark, which must be removed before use in food.
Gum Arabic (A. Senegal) is a pale white to orange-brown solid, which breaks with a glassy fracture. The best grades are in the form of whole,
spheroidal tears of varying size with a matt surface texture. When ground, the pieces are paler and have a glassy appearance.
Gum Arabic is also available commercially in the form of white to yellowishwhite flakes, granules, powder, roller dried, or spray-dried material.
- Emulsifies and stabilizes flavors and beverages
- Encapsulates flavors
- Forms films and coatings in panned confections
- Enhances mouthfeel in beverages
- Provides soluble dietary fiber (85% dry weight basis)
- Strong adhesive and binding properties
- Acts as an excipient and adds lubricity to tablets and pharmaceuticals
- Sand dune stabilisation
Types: Powder, Spray Dried, Agglomerated & Technical
Appearance: white to tan powder
Solubility: Cold soluble with rapid hydration
pH Stability Range: 4.5 – 8.0
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